Shaykh Shahabuddin Suhrawardi on Ilm-Knowledge and Aql-Intellect

He knows not that outside their ‘aql is another ‘aql… Excerpt Awarif ul Ma’arif, Shahabuddin Suhrawardi (Baghdad 1144-1234), Translated Arabic to Persian by Mahmud B. Ali Al-Kashani. Translated from Persian to English by H. Wilberforce Clarke (Calcutta, 1891), Sh.Muhammad Ashraf, 1991, Lahore, p.93-95 Ilm is a light from the candle of prophecy..is the special description of man; from… Read More Shaykh Shahabuddin Suhrawardi on Ilm-Knowledge and Aql-Intellect

Imam Ali (a.s.), Intellect al-‘aql, Spirit al-ruh, and Spiritual Commentary ta’wil

To begin with the first, one must assert at the outset that everything about the Imam’s life and his teachings is centred on the Qur’anic revelation and its embodiment in the Prophet’s conduct. [Imam] Ali’s refusal to stop short at the superficial surface of things – religious, ethical, political – manifested an unflinching fidelity to… Read More Imam Ali (a.s.), Intellect al-‘aql, Spirit al-ruh, and Spiritual Commentary ta’wil